Why are vitamins important for your body?

on Mark Web
Waarom zijn vitamines belangrijk voor je lichaam?

Vitamins do not provide energy, like carbohydrates, proteins and fats, but they are essential compounds that help the body to grow and function optimally. Thirteen essential vitamins help boost your immunity, strengthen your bones, heal wounds, strengthen your eyesight and help you get energy from food - among several other functions.

Without adequate vitamin intake, you can feel lethargic, vulnerable to infections and develop other serious complications that can put your health and life at risk.

 

Types of vitamins 

Vitamins are classified as fat-soluble or water-soluble, referring to where they are stored in the body. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E and K and are stored in your various fat stores for up to six months. Water-soluble vitamins circulate through your blood and include the B vitamins — namely, B-6, B-12, riboflavin, thiamine, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, and folic acid — and vitamin C. Your body doesn't store water-soluble vitamins, so you need to replenish them regularly.

Basic Features

Each of the 13 vitamins has a specific function, but they also work together to promote optimal health. Vitamin A supports healthy eyesight, immune function, skin, bones and teeth. You need vitamin C to support the absorption of the mineral iron, as well as to provide immune protection and promote healthy tissue development.

Vitamin D, along with the mineral calcium, promotes bone health and a solid body defense system. Vitamin E facilitates your body's use of vitamin K, which aids in blood clotting and bone health, and promotes the formation of essential red blood cells. The eight B vitamins support healthy metabolism, brain function, hormone production, regular heart surgery, central nervous system function, and cell functions.

Vitamin deficiencies

Inadequate vitamin intake puts your health at risk as you are more vulnerable to heart disease, cancer and osteoporosis. Deficiency of B vitamins can lead to permanent nerve damage and anemia. If you don't get enough vitamin C, your body can no longer make collagen, the primary tissue in the body.

In severe cases of vitamin C deficiency, people develop scurvy, characterized by muscle and joint pain, fatigue, spongy and swollen gums, and red patches on the skin. Vitamin D deficiency causes rickets in children, which manifests itself in bone pain, deformities and poor growth, and can contribute to poor bone health in adults, as well as high blood pressure, some cancers and autoimmune diseases.

Make sure you get enough

A diet rich in a variety of fresh vegetables, fruits, fortified dairy products, whole grains, dried beans and lentils, and lean meats and fish will help you get the vitamins you need.

If you have a shortage of vitamins or want to supplement them, view all products in the range that vitamins that can be difficult to understand. 

Of course, you should always avoid overdosing, so consult your doctor if you are not sure whether you are getting enough vitamins. 

by MarkWeb

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